1. PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION
Product name : NEODOL 25-7
Product code : V2453, V2668
Synonyms : Alcohols, C12-15, ethoxylated
Manufacturer or supplier's details
Supplier:SHELL EASTERN CHEMICALS (S)
A REGISTERED BUSINESS OF SHELL EASTERN
TRADING (PTE) LTD (UEN:198902087C)
9 North Buona Vista Drive , #07-01
The Metropolis Tower 1
Telephone : +65 6384 8737
Telefax: +65 6384 8454
Emergency telephone number: +86-532-83889090
Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use
Recommended use:Use in detergent manufacture.
Restrictions on use: This product must not be used in applications other than the above without first seeking the advice of the supplier.
Other information: NEODOL is a trademark owned by Shell Trademark Management B.V. and Shell Brands Inc. and used by affiliates of Royal Dutch Shell plc.
2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
Hazy to semi-solid liquid.
Data not available
Harmful if swallowed.
May be harmful in contact with skin.
Causes serious eye damage.
Not classified as flammable but will burn.
Toxic to aquatic life.Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
Acute toxicity (Oral) : Category 4
Acute toxicity (Dermal) : Category 5
Serious eye damage: Category 1
Acute aquatic toxicity : Category 2
Chronic aquatic toxicity: Category 3
GHS label elements
Signal word : Danger
Hazard statements： PHYSICAL HAZARDS:
Not classified as a physical hazard under GHS criteria. HEALTH HAZARDS:
H302 Harmful if swallowed.
H313 May be harmful in contact with skin.
H318 Causes serious eye damage.
H401 Toxic to aquatic life.
H412 Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
P264 Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P280 Wear protective gloves/ protective clothing/ eye protection/ face protection.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P301 + P312 IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor if you feel unwell.
P330 Rinse mouth.
P305 + P351 + P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor.
No precautionary phrases.
P501 Dispose of contents and container to appropriate waste site or reclaimer in accordance with local and national regulations.
Other hazards which do not result in classification
Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking.
Physical and chemical hazards
Not classified as flammable but will burn.
Inhalation: No specific hazards under normal use conditions.
Skin: May be harmful in contact with skin.
Causes mild skin irritation.
Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking.
Eyes: Causes serious eye damage.
Ingestion: Harmful if swallowed.
Toxic to aquatic life.Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
Substance / Mixture : Substance
Chemical nature : A mixture of primary alcohol ethoxylates.
Acute Tox.4; H302
Acute Tox.5; H313
Eye Dam.1; H318
Aquatic Acute2; H401
Aquatic Chronic3; H412
For explanation of abbreviations see section 16.
4. FIRST-AID MEASURES
General advice : DO NOT DELAY. Keep victim calm. Obtain medical treatment immediately.
If inhaled : No treatment necessary under normal conditions of use. If symptoms persist, obtain medical advice.
In case of skin contact : Remove contaminated clothing. Immediately flush skin with large amounts of water for at least 15 minutes, and follow by washing with soap and water if available. If needed, transport to the nearest medical facility for additional treatment.
In case of eye contact : Immediately flush eye(s) with plenty of water.Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Transport to the nearest medical facility for additional treatment.
If swallowed : Do not induce vomiting.If victim is alert, rinse mouth and drink 1/2 to 1 glass of water to help dilute the material. Do not give liquids to a drowsy, convulsing, or unconscious person.Transport to nearest medical facility for additional treatment. If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: transport to nearest medical facility for additional treatment. If vomiting occurs spontaneously, keep head below hips to prevent aspiration. Rinse mouth.
Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed :Eye irritation signs and symptoms may include a burning sensation, redness, swelling, and/or blurred vision. Skin irritation signs and symptoms may include a burning sensation, redness, swelling, and/or blisters. Defatting dermatitis signs and symptoms may include a burning sensation and/or a dried/cracked appearance.
Protection of first-aiders : When administering first aid, ensure that you are wearing the appropriate personal protective equipment according to the incident, injury and surroundings.
Notes to physician : Treat symptomatically.Consult a Poison Control Centre for guidance.
5. FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURES
Suitable extinguishing media : Alcohol-resistant foam, water spray or fog. Dry chemical powder, carbon dioxide, sand or earth may be used for small fires only.
Unsuitable extinguishing media : None
Specific hazards during firefighting : Carbon monoxide may be evolved if incomplete combustion occurs.
Specific extinguishing methods : Standard procedure for chemical fires. Clear fire area of all non-emergency personnel. Keep adjacent containers cool by spraying with water.
Special protective equipment for firefighters : Proper protective equipment including chemical resistant gloves are to be worn; chemical resistant suit is indicated if large contact with spilled product is expected. Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus must be worn when approaching a fire in a confined space. Select fire fighter's clothing approved to relevant Standards (e.g. Europe: EN469).
6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures : Observe all relevant local and international regulations. Notify authorities if any exposure to the general public or the environment occurs or is likely to occur. Local authorities should be advised if significant spillages cannot be contained.
: Avoid contact with spilled or released material. Immediately remove all contaminated clothing. For guidance on selection of personal protective equipment see Chapter 8 of this Safety Data Sheet. For guidance on disposal of spilled material see Chapter 13 of this Safety Data Sheet. Stay upwind and keep out of low areas. Be ready for fire or possible exposure.
Environmental precautions : Prevent from spreading or entering into drains, ditches or rivers by using sand, earth, or other appropriate barriers. Use appropriate containment to avoid environmental contamination. Ventilate contaminated area thoroughly.
Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up : For large liquid spills (> 1 drum), transfer by mechanical means such as vacuum truck to a salvage tank for recovery or safe disposal. Do not flush away residues with water. Retain as contaminated waste. Allow residues to evaporate or soak up with an appropriate absorbent material and dispose of safely. Remove contaminated soil and dispose of safely For small liquid spills (< 1 drum), transfer by mechanical means to a labeled, sealable container for product recovery or safe disposal. Allow residues to evaporate or soak up with an appropriate absorbent material and dispose of safely. Remove contaminated soil and dispose of safely.
Additional advice : For guidance on selection of personal protective equipment see Chapter 8 of this Safety Data Sheet. For guidance on disposal of spilled material see Chapter 13 of this Safety Data Sheet.
7. HANDLING AND STORAGE
General Precautions : Avoid breathing of or direct contact with material. Only use in well ventilated areas. Wash thoroughly after handling. For guidance on selection of personal protective equipment see Chapter 8 of this Safety Data Sheet. Use the information in this data sheet as input to a risk assessment of local circumstances to help determine appropriate controls for safe handling, storage and disposal of this material. Ensure that all local regulations regarding handling and storage facilities are followed.
Advice on safe handling : Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing. Do not empty into drains.
Avoidance of contact : Copper. Copper alloys. Strong oxidising agents. Aluminum
Product Transfer : Keep containers closed when not in use. Refer to guidance under Handling section.
Conditions for safe storage : Refer to section 15 for any additional specific legislation covering the packaging and storage of this product.
Other data : Tanks should be fitted with heating coils in areas where the ambient temperatures are below the recommended product handling temperatures. Heating coil skin temperatures should not exceed 100 °C. Bulk storage tanks should be diked (bunded). Vapours from tanks should not be released to atmosphere.Breathing losses during storage should be controlled by a suitable vapour treatment system. Nitrogen blanket recommended for large tanks (capacity 100 m3 or higher). Insulation (lagging) will minimize heat loss in areas of low ambient temperature. Tanks should be fitted with heating coils in areas where ambient conditions can result in handling temperatures below the freezing point/pour point of the product.
Packaging material : Suitable material: Stainless steel., Epoxy resins, Polyester.
Unsuitable material: Aluminum, Copper., Copper alloys.
Container Advice : Containers, even those that have been emptied, can contain explosive vapours. Do not cut, drill, grind, weld or perform similar operations on or near containers.
Specific use(s) : Not applicable Ensure that all local regulations regarding handling and storage facilities are followed.
8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS AND PERSONAL PROTECTION
Components with workplace control parameters
Contains no substances with occupational exposure limit values.
Biological occupational exposure limits
No biological limit allocated.
Monitoring of the concentration of substances in the breathing zone of workers or in the general workplace may be required to confirm compliance with an OEL and adequacy of exposure controls. For some substances biological monitoring may also be appropriate. Validated exposure measurement methods should be applied by a competent person and samples analysed by an accredited laboratory. Examples of sources of recommended exposure measurement methods are given below or contact the supplier. Further national methods may be available. National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), USA: Manual of Analytical Methods http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), USA: Sampling and Analytical Methods http://www.osha.gov/ Health and Safety Executive (HSE), UK: Methods for the Determination of Hazardous Substances http://www.hse.gov.uk/ Institut für Arbeitsschutz Deutschen Gesetzlichen Unfallversicherung (IFA) , Germany http://www.dguv.de/inhalt/index.jsp L'Institut National de Recherche et de Securité, (INRS), France http://www.inrs.fr/accueil
The level of protection and types of controls necessary will vary depending upon potential exposure conditions. Select controls based on a risk assessment of local circumstances. Appropriate measures include: Adequate ventilation to control airborne concentrations below the exposure guidelines/limits. Where material is heated, sprayed or mist formed, there is greater potential for airborne concentrations to be generated. Eye washes and showers for emergency use.
General Information: Always observe good personal hygiene measures, such as washing hands after handling the material and before eating, drinking, and/or smoking. Routinely wash work clothing and protective equipment to remove contaminants. Discard contaminated clothing and footwear that cannot be cleaned. Practice good housekeeping. Define procedures for safe handling and maintenance of controls. Educate and train workers in the hazards and control measures relevant to normal activities associated with this product. Ensure appropriate selection, testing and maintenance of equipment used to control exposure, e.g. personal protective equipment, local exhaust ventilation. Drain down system prior to equipment break-in or maintenance. Retain drain downs in sealed storage pending disposal or subsequent recycle. Do not ingest. If swallowed then seek immediate medical
Personal protective equipment
Personal protective equipment (PPE) should meet recommended national standards. Check with PPE suppliers.
Respiratory protection : If engineering controls do not maintain airborne concentrations to a level which is adequate to protect worker health, select respiratory protection equipment suitable for the specific conditions of use and meeting relevant legislation. Check with respiratory protective equipment suppliers. Where air-filtering respirators are unsuitable (e.g. airborne concentrations are high, risk of oxygen deficiency, confined space) use appropriate positive pressure breathing apparatus. Where air-filtering respirators are suitable, select an appropriate combination of mask and filter. If air-filtering respirators are suitable for conditions of use: Select a filter suitable for the combination of organic gases and vapours [Type A/Type P boiling point >65°C (149°F)].
Hand protection Remarks：Where hand contact with the product may occur the use of gloves approved to relevant standards (e.g. Europe: EN374, US: F739) made from the following materials may provide suitable chemical protection. Longer term protection: Nitrile rubber gloves. Incidental contact/Splash protection: PVC or neoprene rubber gloves. For continuous contact we recommend gloves with breakthrough time of more than 240 minutes with preference for > 480 minutes where suitable gloves can be identified. For short-term/splash protection we recommend the same, but recognize that suitable gloves offering this level of protection may not be available and in this case a lower breakthrough time maybe acceptable so long as appropriate maintenance and replacement regimes are followed. Glove thickness is not a good predictor of glove resistance to a chemical as it is dependent on the exact composition of the glove material. Glove thickness should be typically greater than 0.35 mm depending on the glove make and model. Suitability and durability of a glove is dependent on usage, e.g. frequency and duration of contact, chemical resistance of glove material, dexterity. Always seek advice from glove suppliers. Contaminated gloves should be replaced. Personal hygiene is a key element of effective hand care. Gloves must only be worn on clean hands. After using gloves, hands should be washed and dried thoroughly. Application of a non-perfumed moisturizer is recommended.
Eye protection : Wear goggles for use against liquids and gas.Wear full face shield if splashes are likely to occur.
Skin and body protection: Skin protection is not required under normal conditions of use. For prolonged or repeated exposures use impervious clothing over parts of the body subject to exposure. If repeated and/or prolonged skin exposure to the substance is likely, then wear suitable gloves tested to relevant Standard,and provide employee skin care programmes.
Thermal hazards : Not applicable
Hygiene measures: Wash hands before eating, drinking, smoking and using the toilet. Launder contaminated clothing before re-use. Do not ingest. If swallowed then seek immediate medical assistance. Always observe good personal hygiene measures, such as washing hands after handling the material and before eating, drinking, and/or smoking. Routinely wash work clothing and protective equipment to remove contaminants. Discard contaminated clothing and footwear that cannot be cleaned. Practice good housekeeping. Define procedures for safe handling and maintenance of controls. Educate and train workers in the hazards and control measures relevant to normal activities associated with this product. Ensure appropriate selection, testing and maintenance of equipment used to control exposure, e.g. personal protective equipment, local exhaust ventilation. Drain down system prior to equipment break-in or maintenance. Retain drain downs in sealed storage pending disposal or subsequent recycle.
Environmental exposure controls
General advice : Local guidelines on emission limits for volatile substances must be observed for the discharge of exhaust air containing vapour. Minimise release to the environment. An environmental assessment must be made to ensure compliance with local environmental legislation. Information on accidental release measures are to be found in section 6.
9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Appearance : Hazy to semi-solid liquid.
Colour : Data not available
Odour : mild
Odour Threshold : Data not available
pH : 6.8
Melting point/freezing point : 24 - 26 °C / 75 - 79 °F
Boiling point/boiling range : 260 °C / 500 °F
Flash point : 186.1 °C / 367.0 °F
Evaporation rate : Data not available
Flammability (solid, gas) : Not applicable
Upper explosion limit : Data not available
Lower explosion limit : Data not available
Vapour pressure : < 0.1 hPa (37.8 °C / 100.0 °F)
Relative vapour density : 17.0
Relative density : 0.965 (122.0 °C / 251.6 °F)
Density : 970 kg/m3 (40 °C / 104 °F)
Water solubility : 100 g/l Complete, may form gel.
Solubility in other solvents : Data not available
Partition coefficient: n-octanol/water : log Pow: 3
Auto-ignition temperature : Data not available
Decomposition temperature : Data not available
Viscosity, dynamic : Not applicable (20 °C / 68 °F)
50 mPa.s (33 °C / 91 °F)
Viscosity, kinematic : 36 mm2/s (40 °C / 104 °F)
Explosive properties : Not applicable
Oxidizing properties : Data not available
Surface tension : Data not available
Conductivity : Electrical conductivity: > 10 000 pS/m A number of factors, for example liquid temperature, presence of contaminants, and anti-static additives can greatly influence the conductivity of a liquid, This material is not expected to be a static accumulator.
Molecular weight : Data not available
10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
Reactivity : Stable at normal ambient temperature and pressure., May oxidise in the presence of air.
Chemical stability : Stable under normal conditions.
Possibility of hazardous reactions : None known.
Conditions to avoid : Extremes of temperature and direct sunlight. Product cannot ignite due to static lectricity.
Incompatible materials : Copper.Copper alloys. Strong oxidising agents. Aluminum
Hazardous decomposition products : None expected under normal use conditions.